The Skills and Employability Learning Framework (SELF)


“Now more than ever we need to ensure that more of our young people are leaving education, not just with the skills to succeed in modern Britain, but to compete in an increasingly global economy.” Nicky Morgan Secretary of State for Education, 2014.


SELF is a model which maps the following employability skills across six phases of education and provides young people and teachers with an entitlement framework showing how the skills can be delivered:

  • Citizenship
  • Resilience
  • Self-management
  • Teamwork
  • Effective Communication and Literacy
  • Innovation and Creativity
  • Problem Solving
  • Leadership
  • Making Ethical Decisions
  • Financial Capability and Numeracy
  • Business Understanding


The need for young people entering the world of work to be able to demonstrate a range of employability skills is nothing new, there have been a number of initiatives to develop skills which seek to supplement academic qualifications. What is new about the approach taken with SELF is that for the first time employability skills have been mapped across all phases of the education and skills system. Previous models have focussed primarily on the gaining and recording of skills within the secondary education system. The SELF model extends the range of activity from key stage 1 through all phases of the education systems and into postgraduate study and professional recognition.

SELF will be owned and driven by the individual and will be a ‘badge of honour’ recognised by employers. It will provide young people with a clear framework to enable them to recognise, reflect on and develop the skills, which will improve their employability and life skills.

Who has been involved in the development of SELF?

The group involved in developing the SELF model comprise members of the Furness Education and Skills Partnership (FESP) and the skills and employment group of Furness Economic Development Forum (FEDF). Representation on these groups is drawn from education, public, private and third sectors, who are all deeply committed to ensuring that young people in Cumbria have access to the once in a lifetime opportunities that will be created by developments including nuclear decommissioning and new build, development of the national grid link, the successor submarine programme and the manufacture of biopharmaceuticals.

Next Steps

SELF now needs to be fully tested with a broader range of employers, schools and colleges so that it can then be developed into a product that can be used by young people. The group sees the final product being both on-line and available on a wide range of devices.